How Chilis Got Spicy (and Why We Love the Burn)

5 213 Shikime 525 mijë
Shkencë dhe teknologji

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Today, chilis are the most widely cultivated spice crop in the world - grown everywhere from their native home in the Americas to Europe, Africa, and Asia. But how and why did chilis evolve this weird, fiery trick in the first place? And why did we learn to love that spicy burn?
Big thanks to Julio Lacerda ( JulioTheArtist​​) for the excellent Capsicum domestication illustration!
Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: alfirst.info
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References: docs.google.com/document/d/1DA1qeR2Fi-sdDemikPSjwO7H6YgLvO55M1WTN3p80Hk/edit?usp=sharing

Komente

  1. lenwe calmcacil
    lenwe calmcacil
    21 minutë më parë

    love the clips of Hank 😂

  2. Danielle Murphy
    Danielle Murphy
    19 orë më parë

    I dunno why people like the burn, bunch of weirdos. I'm a huge wimp and not at all ashamed to admit it 🙅‍♀️

  3. keshav soni
    keshav soni
    2 ditë më parë

    Even monkeys are known to crave spicy chillies here in India, especially Langur monkeys

  4. link starr
    link starr
    3 ditë më parë

    Sooo I can give a ghost pepper to a parrot?

  5. Digital Bath
    Digital Bath
    4 ditë më parë

    I love eating chillis, it's just the morning after my poor butt can't handle.

  6. Tom Evans
    Tom Evans
    5 ditë më parë

    Interesting

  7. Latrodectus mactans
    Latrodectus mactans
    5 ditë më parë

    Capsicum: “I’m so spicy, nobody will snack on me!” Euphorbia: “That’s cute.” *Flexes resiniferatoxin.*

  8. gorilaztkcuaxichil
    gorilaztkcuaxichil
    6 ditë më parë

    GREETINGS FROM MEXICO!! 🌶️🇲🇽 Cheers!! Beer+Lemon+Chilli=Michelada🍻

  9. Chris
    Chris
    7 ditë më parë

    dope

  10. Vincent Noble
    Vincent Noble
    8 ditë më parë

    Chilis: exist Me: I am once again asking for your chemical support

  11. Barci Das
    Barci Das
    8 ditë më parë

    Nope. Not for me. I'm Indian but I can't even bite into a raw gren chilli. I die when I accidentally bite into one. I just want it to stop Also I think samyang got noodles are sooo delicious. But I wish they reduced the heat man. *sniff sniff* :'/ Idk about you but the physical damage is quite evident in the toilet the next day lol

  12. Kylie Schultz
    Kylie Schultz
    8 ditë më parë

    💜💜💜💜💜💜

  13. Ivan Ilich
    Ivan Ilich
    8 ditë më parë

    Quieren subtitulos en español? 😌

  14. pinecrustjuise
    pinecrustjuise
    8 ditë më parë

    Chillies: uses burning sensation to keep mammals away Mammals: develops a love for the burn Chillies: low key their goal and now get dispersed far more than they did with birds

  15. Technoraptor 777
    Technoraptor 777
    9 ditë më parë

    Haha yeah I love the chilli peppers survival situation...its inspiring

  16. Kareem Monzer
    Kareem Monzer
    10 ditë më parë

    I’m curious, how are they harmless if they can in fact cause abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea and IBS? I’m a huge chili eater but I’ve been instructed my doctors to limit my consumption of them due to my Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).

  17. Anomalous Viewer
    Anomalous Viewer
    10 ditë më parë

    I make a range of fresh produce range of jalapeno,chilly and habanero sauces. I would have to disagree with the illusionary notion mentioned in this video. I have physically prepared thousands of hot peppers so far ,transient rashes and inflamation of the skin is more than just an illusion its an actual interaction between the chemical of the pepper and skin. Touch enough hot peppers without gloves and you may even lose skin on your finger tips!

  18. matthew mann
    matthew mann
    11 ditë më parë

    Lots of tanning and shading

  19. Jayswag
    Jayswag
    11 ditë më parë

    "It's like we're making fun of the plants by using their defense mechanism to make our food more enjoyable. Like imagine a monster that swallows you whole because it enjoys the sensation of you struggling for your life inside of it..."

    1. Sora Gami
      Sora Gami
      9 ditë më parë

      "Like imagine a monster that swallows you whole because it enjoys the sensation of you struggling for your life inside of it" *remembers that Korean dish thats Live Octopus and Shrimp* Ha ha......ya, imagine that monster right?

  20. longbeardchomu
    longbeardchomu
    12 ditë më parë

    You looks very different

  21. TerminalVerbosity
    TerminalVerbosity
    12 ditë më parë

    There is definitely something wrong with humans... But it seems to be the key to our success.

  22. Jonhattan
    Jonhattan
    12 ditë më parë

    It would be interesting to know now, why we feel the hot spicy also when we are pooping, if you haven't felt that, you haven't eaten enough chili pepper haha

  23. Nathan Ponce
    Nathan Ponce
    12 ditë më parë

    I really appreciate the territory acknowledgment at the end. 💗✊🏾💗

  24. james white
    james white
    13 ditë më parë

    Was that hank on the floor

  25. Shane K
    Shane K
    13 ditë më parë

    Some of the script has me thinking it was written while listening to 80s music. Phil Collins and Madonna lol

  26. Neek'lahs
    Neek'lahs
    13 ditë më parë

    Chili: Develops a defense mechanism that triggers heat and pain on mammals. masochist monkey: 😲 🔥 🥰

  27. Kevs442
    Kevs442
    13 ditë më parë

    Anthony Kiedis & Flea approve thos video.

  28. Ben Burgess
    Ben Burgess
    13 ditë më parë

    And to think that if Chili Peppers had never evolved to be Red Hot we wouldn’t have Goodbye Angels, Under The Bridge, or Dani California.

  29. Kai Weaver
    Kai Weaver
    13 ditë më parë

    :Captian Philips I'm the Captian Now Meme: We're the seed dispersers now

  30. DavidSixSixFive
    DavidSixSixFive
    14 ditë më parë

    Grilled bell and jalepeños are fire.

  31. Casey Self
    Casey Self
    15 ditë më parë

    Burn Hank Green, burn.

  32. just_noXi
    just_noXi
    15 ditë më parë

    "oldest domesticated plants in america" europe: "haha young fellow"

  33. Aaron Cagle
    Aaron Cagle
    16 ditë më parë

    Capsaicin does actually cause physical damage: it causes inflammation and leads to diarrhea and therefore dehydration.

  34. Karl My Suitcase
    Karl My Suitcase
    18 ditë më parë

    lol mouth go brrrrrrrrrrrr

  35. VioletWhirlwind
    VioletWhirlwind
    18 ditë më parë

    the hottest thing I can eat is pepperoni. Like the kind you put on pizza. However, my dad likes really hot peppers, mostly in sauce form, like tabasco sauce. He eats pepperanchinis (sp?) whole, too. I can't understand how he has any taste buds left. XD;

  36. SwordOfAli
    SwordOfAli
    18 ditë më parë

    The last line is hard to comprehend. How did pre historic humans spread the plant from South america to all over the world?

  37. Darby A
    Darby A
    19 ditë më parë

    In the clip from 2019, Hank looks totally lost in the (hot) sauce

  38. Tony Goins
    Tony Goins
    19 ditë më parë

    Can you do caffeine?

  39. clay c
    clay c
    20 ditë më parë

    I gave my dog fire doritos once. She loved it... she drooled like crazy and begged for more... until she vomited lol

  40. R K
    R K
    20 ditë më parë

    Just to be clear, some peppers can cause internal damage if too much is eaten. Scotch bell, Ghost peppers, and of course the Carolina Reaper. Those are just some to be extremely careful with.

  41. Eduardo Martínez
    Eduardo Martínez
    21 ditë më parë

    Plants: evolve capsaicin Humans: oh yeah baby hurt me Plants: O.o

  42. Carlos Cruz Arce
    Carlos Cruz Arce
    21 ditë më parë

    I really appreciate y’all not white washing that indigenous woman 👏🏽

  43. Daniel Elyar
    Daniel Elyar
    21 ditë më parë

    Hank Green for the win

  44. Shadowhenge
    Shadowhenge
    21 ditë më parë

    Chili evolution: "So get this, right... We're gonna make ourselves painful for mammals to eat us, but see those weirdo apes over there... Those crazy guys are gonna make us stars!"

  45. Maxwell Zsofka
    Maxwell Zsofka
    22 ditë më parë

    Anyone else shudder when she refers to the "fruit" of a chilli pepper? Am I the only one who pictures chilli peppers hidden in a fruit salad?

  46. KIIINGST0N
    KIIINGST0N
    22 ditë më parë

    Speak for yourself. I bloody hate the burn. Why anyone wants to be in pain while they eat is beyond me 😅

  47. Robert Pearson
    Robert Pearson
    22 ditë më parë

    Geographically their distribution coincides in particular with the Ring of Fire.

  48. Francis Srečko Fabian
    Francis Srečko Fabian
    22 ditë më parë

    I remember my first real curry. I had to drink 6 cans of beer (more than twice as strong as American beer). I absolutely loved it. I eat curry all the time.

  49. Spiritbound2346
    Spiritbound2346
    23 ditë më parë

    They did Hank so dirty with these clips bro🤣

  50. Raymond Abella
    Raymond Abella
    23 ditë më parë

    NEXT ON EONS: Stone Age Stoners; The Prehistoric Origins of Weed and How Woolly Mamoths inspired the first dreadlocks!🤡

  51. Mustapha Leek
    Mustapha Leek
    23 ditë më parë

    'plant'. not 'ply-ant'.

  52. Cannabis Cultivation TV
    Cannabis Cultivation TV
    23 ditë më parë

    It’s pronounced “kap-sei-sn”

  53. Sean Hean
    Sean Hean
    23 ditë më parë

    Chilli: *Task failed successfully*

  54. iafozzac
    iafozzac
    23 ditë më parë

    "We're the only mammal not scared of the burning sensation" My dog who kept locking chili oil off forniture when we tried to use it to dissuade her from chewing it when she was a puppy: I'm going to end this woman's whole career

  55. Daniel Pereira
    Daniel Pereira
    23 ditë më parë

    y'all should make a video on bees.. 👀

  56. 50 Mrunal Jadav
    50 Mrunal Jadav
    24 ditë më parë

    Video on spice and haven't mentioned india !!

    1. j r
      j r
      23 ditë më parë

      Chili peppers didn’t come from India...

  57. ImUrOBGYN
    ImUrOBGYN
    24 ditë më parë

    I've seen many goats completely destroy chili/pepper plants with seemingly zero negative impact on the goats.

  58. Justin Shim
    Justin Shim
    24 ditë më parë

    Fun fact: the hot peppers Korean food is known for are *not* native to Korea. They're basically jalapeños.

  59. Jocose Sonata
    Jocose Sonata
    24 ditë më parë

    Basically, Chilis brings out the masochist in us.

    1. Kris toff
      Kris toff
      24 ditë më parë

      Yeeee

  60. Δnti Entropy
    Δnti Entropy
    24 ditë më parë

    So we are all masochist by default huh?

  61. Lerual Naej
    Lerual Naej
    25 ditë më parë

    This is why dumping ground chilies in your bird feeder is such a good way of keeping the chipmunks and squirrels out.

  62. lotharn
    lotharn
    25 ditë më parë

    Common guys, Brasil is the THIRD largest producer of peppers in the planet. 102.000 Tons in 2018. Why is it left off from the map?

  63. Caroline Yim
    Caroline Yim
    25 ditë më parë

    Thankful! I don't know how to eat alot of my food without some level of spice. Yum :)

  64. oOo Gimmy
    oOo Gimmy
    25 ditë më parë

    We are masochists ...

  65. Ansari Mohd Firoz
    Ansari Mohd Firoz
    25 ditë më parë

    Love the fact that you acknowledged the natives of the land

  66. Nikki Berry
    Nikki Berry
    25 ditë më parë

    I've wondered about this for a while. When most animals bite into something that causes them pain, they stop eating it. But some human bit into 1 and was like "ooo, this would be good with some rice!"

  67. alonzo calvillo
    alonzo calvillo
    26 ditë më parë

    Now you made me hungry for tacos with a lot of chile.

  68. Zofia Jaworek
    Zofia Jaworek
    26 ditë më parë

    Make a video about thylacoleo and it's insane teeth!

  69. Alex Allen
    Alex Allen
    26 ditë më parë

    Interesting and spicy video 🙂🥵👍🌶

  70. abc abc
    abc abc
    26 ditë më parë

    South America gave it to the world, Indians (Asians) took it the next level. Thanks Latinos!

    1. Take A walk
      Take A walk
      25 ditë më parë

      Central America had it too

  71. j m
    j m
    26 ditë më parë

    Wheres the link to the scishow hotsauce challenge?

  72. Nmethyltransferase
    Nmethyltransferase
    26 ditë më parë

    Look at me... Look at me! _I_ am the seed disperser now!

  73. Nmethyltransferase
    Nmethyltransferase
    26 ditë më parë

    If you want to be more comfortable in the morning after, take psyllium half an hour before your meal. You're welcome!

  74. Chuck Rusty
    Chuck Rusty
    26 ditë më parë

    Definitely addicting. I started my spice journey with a Slim Jim (Mild) at around 4 years old. My love for spicy foods grew from there. From that point on, I just worked my way up the spice ladder, eventually growing my own peppers in my teen years (jalapeno, banana, cayenne, tabasco, and habanero peppers). I used to make salsa with them. Through adulthood I have enjoyed the wide range of extra hot peppers, ghost, scorpion, and so on. Great video!

  75. Stephanie Wallace
    Stephanie Wallace
    26 ditë më parë

    Interesting that it works in the 🌶’s fav with me not liking the spices

  76. AppNasty
    AppNasty
    26 ditë më parë

    Wait...so chilli peppers are fruit?

  77. TooManySteves
    TooManySteves
    26 ditë më parë

    I must have an overproduction of those receptors, as I can't stand anything but the mildest chilli, curry, pepper, or mint.

  78. Recklvss Rock
    Recklvss Rock
    27 ditë më parë

    Interesting I never thought that it works that way

  79. 5610winston
    5610winston
    27 ditë më parë

    Is it true that possession of three or more Carolina Reaper plants contravenes international weapons treaties?

  80. Meg B
    Meg B
    27 ditë më parë

    This reminds me of Reduction in TRPV1 is a issue , it’s similar but yet not the same as how people with type 2 diabetes have issues with insulin and high levels of glucose.

  81. StormSought
    StormSought
    27 ditë më parë

    Addicting? PBS, you're better than this

  82. Jeffrey Baker
    Jeffrey Baker
    27 ditë më parë

    Awesome! Love my hot stuff 😍

  83. KOTAKVISUAL
    KOTAKVISUAL
    27 ditë më parë

    Pelecing enak nih 😁

  84. Seth Windsor
    Seth Windsor
    27 ditë më parë

    So wait...spicy doesn’t exist?!?! It’s an illusion?

  85. 44 Hawk
    44 Hawk
    28 ditë më parë

    I keep wondering if this lady is Canadian. She puts a long e at the beginning of the word Epoch.

  86. lanietalk
    lanietalk
    28 ditë më parë

    wow we’re really all masochists

  87. lanietalk
    lanietalk
    28 ditë më parë

    Chilis are grown on 100% of North America omg

  88. Phillip Scharf
    Phillip Scharf
    28 ditë më parë

    Kind of gets you high... If you eat a pepper strong enough you don't even get the pain bit, you just go straight into "chemical relief".

  89. Fnidner
    Fnidner
    28 ditë më parë

    wat up, my fellow great ape dispersers??

  90. Ray Drouillard
    Ray Drouillard
    28 ditë më parë

    Chilis aren't the only genus that has benefited greatly from humans' eating habits. There are currently more chickens than people in the world -- pretty good for a domesticated version of the red jungle fowl. Ruminants like cows, sheep, and goats are doing well, too. When vat or 3D printed meat becomes cheaper than regular meat, the population of those meat animals will plummet. Hopefully, someone will keep at least some around so that they don't go extinct.

  91. The Den
    The Den
    28 ditë më parë

    I don't know if you guys are still looking for "good" evolution/geology jokes, but here's a treasured joke from the Pacific NW anyway: Mt. Hood and Mt. St. Helen's used to be a happy couple some millennia ago. Unfortunately, Mt. Hood had an affair with the 3 Sisters and St. Helen's blew her top. Edit: grammar is hard you guys

  92. westeN westeN
    westeN westeN
    28 ditë më parë

    you dont explain one thing. we got stomachache when we eat too many capsaicin, do those animal got the same problem as well?

  93. Muskarts
    Muskarts
    28 ditë më parë

    I just love learning new things!

  94. HailMammon Moments
    HailMammon Moments
    28 ditë më parë

    Came for the dinosaurs. Definitely staying for the real history of human civilization. 🔥💕🤘

  95. Amboula Rozzo
    Amboula Rozzo
    28 ditë më parë

    all nightshade plants wreck havoc on your circulatory system

  96. Carmine's RC Tips and Tricks!
    Carmine's RC Tips and Tricks!
    28 ditë më parë

    Kallie... As always, you were enlightening and extremely Charming!! It's always a joy to see you present. ....... But half this Video, all I was thinking was POOR HANK!!! 😜😂

  97. Blueberry Lane
    Blueberry Lane
    28 ditë më parë

    This was surprisingly informative for such a short video, great work!

  98. Jack Snavely
    Jack Snavely
    28 ditë më parë

    It's called HOT- the word -SPICEY- is for lite weights that don't eat them! 😁👍👍

  99. Sarah Fortin
    Sarah Fortin
    28 ditë më parë

    6:43 guy is dying from the heat AND STILL EATING IT. Commitment!

  100. Ha Chi Nguyen
    Ha Chi Nguyen
    28 ditë më parë

    Puffer fish: has poison to avoid being eaten Chilli: has capsicum so mammals can't consume . Human: i eat all

    1. Ha Chi Nguyen
      Ha Chi Nguyen
      12 ditë më parë

      @999九九九999 yahhhh i still got your point :(

    2. 999九九九999
      999九九九999
      12 ditë më parë

      @Ha Chi Nguyen yea but bats cuased the COVID thing sooooo

    3. Ha Chi Nguyen
      Ha Chi Nguyen
      13 ditë më parë

      @999九九九999 remember scorpions? xD

    4. 999九九九999
      999九九九999
      19 ditë më parë

      Bats: you don’t say